Old Summer Palace is located in the western suburbs of Beijing City, Eastern Haidian District. The original Qing Dynasty a large Royal River, covers an area of about 5200 acres, the layout is inverted triangle, a total area of 350 hectares. Old Summer Palace " garden of gardens " good name, it was built in the Qing emperor Qian Long years, the original pavilions, terraces and open halls at more than 140, a total area of 3500000 square meters. It's land area and the construction of the Imperial Palace, water area and is a the Summer Palace.
The history of Old Summer Palace, is composed of Old Summer Palace, Changchun Garden, Yee Spring Garden ( Wanchun Garden ). Three Park tightly adjoin, commonly known as the old summer palace. A total area of 5200 acres ( 350 hectares ), the entire range of larger than the the Summer Palace nearly qianmu. It is feudal emperors in Qing Dynasty more than 150 years, by creating and operating a large Royal palace. Yong Zheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing Emperor Daoguang, Xianfeng, five, had been living in the Old Summer Palace leisurely enjoyment, and in this holding assembly, and politics, it is similar to the Forbidden City ( the Imperial Palace) as the political center of the country, was clear Dili special called " Royal park ".
Old Summer Palace was originally granted to his four son of emperor Kangxi Yin Zhen (later emperor Yong Zheng the garden ). Kangxi in forty-six years that the year 1707, park has begun to take shape. In November the same year, Emperor Kangxi had at the Old Summer Palace tours. The emperor Yong Zheng ascended the throne in 1723, expanding the original Grant Park, and in the South Park building be open and aboveboard Temple main hall and the cabinet, and in six, the value of real military department, to avoid the " Royal master ". In the 60 year of the reign of emperor Qian Long, one day, old summer palace construction, repair, dredges the water shift stone, silver million fee. In addition to his old summer palace built on local, alterations, and the East New Changchun Park, in the southeast of adjacent incorporated Qi spring garden. In the thirty-five years to 1770 three, the Yuan Ming garden pattern is formed basically. Dynasty, mainly on Qi spring garden was renovated and the extension of the building, which became the main garden occupies the place of one. Daoguang Dynasty, state declines, shortage of financial resources, but rather from Chaenomeles, Xiangshan, Yuquan " hills", furnishings, Jehol and Magnolia summer hunting, still did not give up the three Park renovation and decoration.
Old Summer Palace, garden not only known, but also a collection of the Royal Museum, very rich, is a cultural treasure house. Hugo once said: "even if the ( French ) all Notre Dame all the treasures together, the same can not be large and magnificent Huang Museum comparable to the east. " The luxurious furnishings exquisite, has a large collection of art treasures. According to the Old Summer Palace seen Westerners description, " Park splendid brilliant scene, not to can trace the color so called, nor the Europeans can see ". " All kinds of valuable treasures, are accumulated in the Royal Cottage Hotel, numerous households. " The finest sandalwood carved furniture, exquisite ancient porcelain and enamel bottle lamp broken lines, Zhijin silver brocade fabric, carpet, leather, gilded gold French clock, exquisite Old Summer Palace layout, gem embedded hunting figure, landscape character true to life likeness of the plaque, and their various other artistic products and a variety of European lustrous and dazzling. Ornaments, have everything that one expects to find.
Old Summer Palace is the artificial creation of a grand scale, the beautiful scenery of the landscape. Flat mountain and water purification, landscape architecture, plant more trees and flowers. In the discontinuous hills, winding surface and pavilions, winding corridor, island, bridge embankment, the vast space into a size of more than 100 landscape encircle, interest varied scenery group. The water park is about three 4/10 of the total area of the park, on the ground in artificial cut the medium small surface, by circle rayon flow channel is connected in series with a complete water system of rivers and lakes. Park and decorated with stacked has greatly small hill 250, and drainage combined with mountains, water, hill because of live water, formed the mountain complex water transfer, layer upon layer of garden space. The entire landscape as Jiangnan like smoke blurred, true it may be said: Although people do, since the days of the wan.
Old Summer Palace embodies the ancient Chinese gardening art essence, was the most splendid large-scale landscape. The emperor Qian Long said: " it is Yao Bao Kobold region, Emperor Yu tour, no more than this ". And gardens in the world history of architecture also occupies an important position. Its popularity to Europe, known as the " garden of gardens ". The famous French writer Hugo in 1861 had this to say: " you just imagine it is a thrilling longing, as the Moon Castle like building, Summer Palace ( the Old Summer Palace ) is a building. " People often say : the Greek Parthenon temple in Egypt, Pyramid, Rome Coliseum, Oriental palace. "It is a matter of the incomparable masterpiece as the acme of perfection ".
Old Summer Palace the world garden, to ten years Xianfeng, in 1860 October, by British and French troops barbarian raid burned down, become China's modern history of humiliation history page.
Now the Old Summer Palace Ruins Park, the site for the theme, forming a solid history and full of vibrant garden atmosphere a unique combination of tourism landscape, not only has the important political and historical value, it is a unique tourist destination. The tragedy of Old Summer Palace was destroyed, was the symbol of national humiliation, the rebirth of the Old Summer Palace, has become and will continue to make efforts to become the Chinese nation, the testimony of increasingly thriving and prosperous. With the introduction of special planning, 20xx basically completed the Old Summer Palace Ruins Park goal has been clearly shown in front of us.
We firmly believe that a green Old Summer Palace will become a bright pearl of green Olympic Games; a basic integrity of the Old Summer Palace will become a bright spot of humanistic olympics.
Lama Temple is located in Beijing north two ring road near the Confucian Temple in the west, and the Imperial College, covers an area of about 66000 square metres, it is Beijing 's largest existing a Tibetan Gelug royal temple, Lama Temple was the emperor Qian Long was born, he not only has the royal temple style, now more profound Buddhist culture attracts the world tourists from all over, so now we can see a lot of blonde foreigner come to visit, and there are also many stars also come to worship.
We now see the Lama Temple area in the Ming Dynasty called the Gestapo street, here was the Ming Dynasty eunuchs of the secretary. To the Qing Dynasty emperor Kangxi here Herod gave his imperial four Yin Zhen Yin Zhen is best, because Prince Yong, so here is also known as Yong palace. In the Yin Zhen successor, Yong palace became Hyphalosaurus Di, Yong Zheng intended to build Yong palace the palace, and given the name Lama Temple.
In the palace period, the Lama Temple is a stick rod, it is one of the secret service. The inside of the stick rod. Each stunt, Wu Yi high, designed for the Yong Zheng arrest dissident, killing enemies.
Although Yong Zheng kill many, but in his history he was a wise king. During his reign, dispel the Manchu nobility many privileges, but also too much slaughter, even killed his own son ( Hongshi ), so in the later added some notoriety is can hardly be avoided. Also because of Yong Zheng's killing was too heavy, so his son Qian Long succeeded to the throne after the emperor, after consultation with the Tibet Zhangjia living Buddha, then Lama Temple to Shamanism ( sect ) of the temple, may borrow up to merit salvation Temple House is the spirit of the deceased father.
Here to mention the famous Zhangjia living Buddha, Zhangjia living Buddha life frequency has the legendary color, and his spirit Kangxi and Qianlong played an indelible meritorious service. In our country the Mongolian and Tibetan areas were four living Buddha, they are the Panchen Lama, Darai in charge, after former reservoir reservoir; Zhangjia living Buddha in Qinghai; there is a living Buddha in Mongolia. The Buddha to reincarnation reincarnation and handed down from generation to generation, the Zhangjia living Buddha reincarnation Nishi Akiyoshi was Emperor Yong Zheng teacher, while in the old chapter, after the death of Mio Akiyoshi, his reincarnation in Qinghai Guo grand temple was identified, but the Mio Akiyoshi Little Buddha at the age of seven, because he presided over the temple attended the rebellion against the Qing Dynasty and was the encirclement, Little Buddha were several near acolyte protection to hide into a nearby cave, Emperor Yong Zheng after learning that orders the Little Buddha find and escort to beijing. The joint purpose after and put up a notice, timed to surrender the Little Buddha, otherwise it will destroy the village temple. Hear this news, to hide in a cave of the monks cried together, thought that no matter the downhill, coming down from the mountain is only one death, in this case, the Little Buddha refused to implicate others, step forward bravely, decided to go down the mountain. And see the answer fluently without fear, this caused the Qing general surprise, but also very much like the little buddha. They will be little Buddha escort to Beijing, Yong Zheng the emperor summoned him, see the Little Buddha refined and courteous, very innocent and lovely, but the Little Buddha in the arms of her.
The emperor Yong Zheng to the Little Buddha many special reward, most notably life little Buddha and his fourth sons ( the later emperor Qian Long ) learn together. Because of Zhangjia living Buddha and the emperor Qian Long was classmates, who established a pure, deep friendship, so in their adulthood, their respective boarded the politics, teach high, is life-long cooperation, cooperate tacit understanding. Zhangjia living Buddha life involved in solving the many ethnic, religious problems, often recieves orders at jeopardy when, in his identity and efforts, at the time of the Qing Dynasty appeared the unprecedented unity situation, this also is today unity pattern made distinctions won in battle.
City at the people of Zhangjia living Buddha of Chongxin also to an astonishing degree, historical records, when people saw Zhangjia living Buddha carriage over, are scrambling to put the handkerchief on the ground, allowing the wheels to roll from above, as the fortune.
We now see the Lama Temple's main building is: -- -- Zhao 's chariot arches -- copper beast -- -- -- -- the king's temple Pavilion Xumishan -- Lama Temple -- Yongyou Temple -- Falun hall -- wanvog.
In the past, Lama Temple building divided into East and West three road.
In the east of Southern called even real, Lama is a student monks living residence. In the North East College, is simple and elegant landscape architecture, according to legend East College within the well chamber is the emperor Qian Long 's birthplace.
While the West was Lama Temple Buddhist dharma Guandi temple. You may wonder, Lord Guan is the God of wealth, how to become Buddha Dharma, in fact, " Romance of the Three Kingdoms " in the chapter " Yuquan Hill Guan visions ", tell the antecedents and consequences : it says that Guan Yu is Sun Quan general Lvmeng alive, Sun Quan to surrender, but his hands under the counselor can not be said, said to Cao Mengde three a five a small feast banquet, Guan Yu is not a win glory in battle and go? Sun Quan heard this, he ordered Guan Yu to be beheaded and the head hanging tower to destroy the morale. But after the death of Guan Yu and a soul does not come loose, soul swing float to the Jingmen Yuquan mountain, Yamakami Yuichi monk, Farmington Prolene net, is important in water the town of temple abbot, Guan Yu had five passes, in Si water almost killed, it was the Prolene net elders elders for rescue, later saves Guan Yu and refuge. The world, to the mountains of Yuquan, knot grass hut, daily and other acts lecture on. One day in the middle of the night, the elders are nunnery in meditation, suddenly he heard someone screaming air, also my head! My head! Filters & his watch, see only soul wanders in guan. In the hands of Fochen point cloud in: Changan. Guan Gong recognize elders, said to be saved, be everlastingly grateful: this off of a disaster, when death is willing to seek advice, education, lost. Filters & said: This is a past, all Xiu, consequences of antecedents, each other. This general Lvmeng victims, so my head, but Liang Yan, Wen Chou, five will be six all of the head, and to whom Sawyer? So the public see light suddenly, Jishou to become Buddhist law of god.
Beijing botanical garden is a collection of science, scientific research, travel and other functions in one comprehensive botanical garden, national emphasis construction is one of the botanical garden.
The Beijing Botanic Garden in Haidian District Fragrant Hill Park and the Yuquan mountains (West hills near Wat Chayamangkalaram), approved by the State Council in 1956, is a collection of scientific research, plant plant knowledge popularization, visit the rest, germplasm preservation and promotion, new plants and other functions as one of the large-scale comprehensive botanical garden. The planning area of 400 hectares, is now completed and open for tours by the plant area of 200 hectares, exhibition areas, places of historic interest and scenic beauty, research areas and nature reserves. The introduction and cultivation of plants more than 10000 species (including varieties ) in 1500000 strains of. Covers an area of 900 acres. Collection of plants more than 3000 species, is currently China's largest botanical garden in North, is specialized in plant introduction and acclimatization of theoretical study and experimental research base. The whole garden plant exhibition greenhouse as the center, a total of 13 galleries, planted with more than 1500 kinds of tropical and subtropical plants, including stone flower, a tree, dance orchid plant.
Beijing botanical garden by plant exhibition area, places of historic interest and scenic beauty cultural landscape, natural protection area and area of scientific research.
Plant exhibition area including ornamental plants area ( Park ), arboretum, bonsai garden, greenhouse flower district. Ornamental plants area from peony garden, rose garden, green peach, lilac Institute, Begonia Park, bonsai garden, lily magnolia garden, a garden show ( bamboo ), perennial flowers, peony garden and park is being developed in the garden, the park consists of 11; by pine and cypress, ginkgo trees Garden District Maple rose area, linden willow, Magnolia Berberis zone and sycamore, ash area consists of Quercus acutissima area of paulownia. Places of historic interest and scenic beauty resort by Wat Chayamangkalaram, Cherry Valley, the Longjiao temple ruins, " December 9th " memorial Pavilion, the tomb of Liang Qichao village, Cao Xueqin Memorial Hall. The introduction and cultivation of plants more than 56 lines, more than 5000, 900000 square metre grassed. There are scientific research building, science museum. Wat Chayamangkalaram was built in the Tang Dynasty, is a national heritage conservation units, protecting and displaying the world rare Yuan Dynasty bronze Shakya Muni lying like Cherry Valley, dense forest, is in the planning of nature reserve. Cao Xueqin Memorial Exhibition of Cao Xueqin's life and in the Western Hills. " A dream of Red Mansions " scene.
Beijing botanical garden is the Beijing Municipal Gardens Bureau designated priority of the new plant introduction, domestication, breeding base. The Beijing botanical garden has begun to take shape, are playing a more and more important social benefit and environmental benefit, more and more people's favorite.
20xx January Beijing botanical garden was named the first national AAAA grade scenic spot, in 20xx March through the ISO9000 quality management system and ISO14000 environmental management system certification and certified the first batch of fine park, 20xx in the capital of civilization industry made outstanding achievements appraisal. The garden is beautiful environment, good order, quality services and excellent culture to meet guests at home and abroad.
Beijing Botanical Garden ( referred to as South Park) with various plant 3000 a variety of, visit the main point is the greenhouse exhibition area, there are 13 pavilions, 1500 kinds of plants. The tropical plants accounted for 1000 a variety of, palm plants, tropical aquatic plants, succulents, Victoria room room, medicinal plant room, industrial raw materials plant, orchid plants, aromatic plants, tropical fruit and citrus plants. The arboretum occupies an area of 70000 square meters, is China's rare silver fir trees, and Sequoia America, Sri Lanka's Bodhi tree. There is also a special type of garden and the national herbarium.
Beijing botanical garden exhibition greenhouse built in March 28, 1998 January 1, 20xx, began to receive visitors, the exhibition greenhouse construction area of 9800 square meters, covers an area of 5.5 hectares, is the largest in Asia, the world 's largest single greenhouse area of exhibition greenhouse of Kunming World Expo, the area ratio of the greenhouse is twice as big as the Chinese history of architecture, the big.
Greenhouse into tropical rainforest room, desert plant room, orchid, pineapple and carnivorous plant rooms and four seasons garden show, tropical, subtropical plants more than 3100 species, show perspective, strangulation, root, old cauliflorous, strange phenomenon. Exhibition greenhouse for plant science education base, and protection of plant resources and scientific research are the main places. As the city of Beijing internationalization city landmark works, the exhibition hall of the greenhouse is increasingly playing a great social benefits.
The exhibition greenhouse of Beijing botanical garden is the 50 anniversary of the founding of Beijing city to meet key project, botanical garden is located in the road on the west side, the building area of 17000 square meters, covers an area of 5.5 hectares, 260000000 yuan investment. Exhibition greenhouse building designed by the Beijing Architectural Design Research Institute is assumed, with " leaves to the root. " concept for the design theme, have great originality to design the " roots " interwoven inclined glass ceiling, like a leaf falls in the foot of the West hills. Exhibition exhibition design by Beijing plant landscape design and Research Institute of ancient bear. Exhibition greenhouse underground foundation in 1998 3 at the end of the month to start construction, the main steel structure and glass curtain wall will be in 1999 May completed, on 1 January 20xx open to the outside world. Exhibition greenhouse is divided into four main sections: the tropical rain forest, desert plant zone, four seasons garden and special plant room. Display plants 3100 species more than 60000 lines, for the masses to provide rich and colorful ornamental plant landscape, learning scientific knowledge, have a higher grade of tourist attractions. At the same time, it is the horticultural research and international exchanges. Exhibition greenhouse project won the Tenth National Excellent Project Design Gold Award, 20xx annual national high quality project silver medal, Beijing City tenth first prize of excellent design, " large-scale exhibition greenhouse plant introduction and design of the scientific and technological progress in Beijing city " project won the two prize, was named Beijing City ninety in the ten building.
北京老字号历史悠久 ,它们共同的特点是具有独特的传统文化特色和独到的经营之道 ,以及历代相传的加工工艺。本文是北京导游词作文300字一：各位游客：大家好!欢迎来到八达岭景区观光旅游，我是你们的导游蔡王鲲，大家就叫我小蔡好了。...